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Poland Military


The Polish Armed Forces (Siły Zbrojne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) comprised of the Army (Wojska Lądowe), Navy (Marynarka Wojenna), Air Force (Siły Powietrzne) and Special Forces (Wojska Specjalne), under the command of the Ministry of National Defence (Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej).

The most basic goal of the armed forces is the defence of Polish territorial integrity, and Polish interests abroad. Poland's national security goal is to further integrate with NATO and other west European defence, economic, and political institutions via a modernisation and reorganisation of its military. Polish military doctrine reflects the same defence nature as its NATO partners. Poland continues to be a regional leader in support and participation in the NATO Partnership for Peace Program and has actively engaged most of its neighbours and other regional actors to build stable foundations for future European security arrangements. Poland is also playing an increasingly larger role as a major European peacekeeping power in the world through various UN peacekeeping actions, cooperating with neighbouring nations (LITPOLBAT, POLUKRBAT).

Polish Armed Forces took part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, deploying 2,500 soldiers in the south of that country and commanding the 17-nation multinational force in Iraq. In addition to this, Polish soldiers are currently deployed in five separate UN Peacekeeping Operations (UNDOF, UNIFIL, EUFOR and KFOR). Total international deployment of Polish military is over 4,800 troops.


Military branches :
Polish Armed Forces: Land Forces, Navy, Air and Air Defense Aviation Forces, Special Forces (2008)

Military service age and obligation :
18-28 years of age for male voluntary or compulsory military service; service obligation shortened from 12 to 9 months in 2005; conscription is to end in 2012; only soldiers who have completed their conscript service are allowed to volunteer for professional service; as of April 2004, women are only allowed to serve as officers and noncommissioned officers; reserve obligation to age 50 (2009)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 9,741,508
females age 16-49: 9,514,843 (2008 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 7,898,892
females age 16-49: 7,888,035 (2009 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 246,667
female: 235,698 (2009 est.)

Military expenditures :
1.71% of GDP (2005 est.)




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