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Poland Transportations
 
 
 

General

In 2007, the operational rail network of Poland was 22,314 km in length, of which 11,769 km were electrified. In terms of line length the Polish State Railways (PKP) is the third largest railway in Europe. However, equipment and service is far behind EU countries. In 2000 PKP began privatisation of passenger, cargo and infrastructure.

There is a dense road and highway network. Improvement and repair have not kept up with the increased usage – an 800% increase in freight and an 1,800% increase in passenger transport between 1950 and 1970, and a 60% increase in freight traffic and a 70% increase in passenger transport during 1971-82. In 2006 out of a total of 423,997 km of roadways, 295,356 km were paved roads, including 662 km of expressways. In 2000, there were 9,991,260 passenger cars and 1,962,712 commercial vehicles.

As of 2008, Poland had 15 merchant ships. Before World War II, Polish merchant marine operations were mainly with the Western countries, especially the United States, but much of the current traffic is with Asian and African countries. The major ports are Szczecin, Gdynia, Gdánsk and Swinoujáscie. The ports were badly damaged during World War II but have since been rehabilitated and enlarged. There are 3,997 km of navigable rivers and canals; the principal inland waterways are the Oder, with Szczecin near its mouth, the Wista, and the Warta.

In 2009, Poland had 125 airports, 84 with paved runways. Polish Air Transport (LOT), organised in 1922 and reorganised after World War II, is a state enterprise, with Warsaw's Okecie International Airport as the centre. In 2001, 2,670,300 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.

Overview

Airports :
125 (2009)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 84
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 30
1,524 to 2,437 m: 39
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 4 (2009)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 41
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 15
under 914 m: 20 (2009)

Heliports :
7 (2009)

Pipelines :
gas 13,631 km; oil 1,384 km; refined products 777 km (2009)

Railways :
total: 22,314 km
broad gauge: 633 km 1.524-m gauge
standard gauge: 21,681 km 1.435-m gauge (11,769 km electrified) (2007)

Roadways :
total: 423,997 km
paved: 295,356 km (includes 662 km of expressways)
unpaved: 128,641 km (2006)

Waterways :
3,997 km (navigable rivers and canals) (2007)

Merchant marine :
total: 15
by type: cargo 8, chemical tanker 4, passenger/cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 1
foreign-owned: 2 (Cyprus 1, Nigeria 1)
registered in other countries: 98 (Antigua and Barbuda 2, Bahamas 17, Cyprus 18, Liberia 13, Malta 24, Norway 3, Panama 11, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1, Slovakia 2, Vanuatu 7) (2008)

Ports and terminals :
Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie, Szczecin

 
 


 



 


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